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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2016, Vol. 43 Issue (6): 911-913    DOI: 10.12891/ceog3146.2016
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Analysis on two postmenopausal women with clinical symptoms resulting from completelyencapsulated intrauterine device by fibrous tissue
D. Y. Wei1, L. Yan2, H. Q. Wang1, *()
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan
2Center for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University; National Research Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology and Reproductive Genetics,China; The Key Laboratory for Reproductive Endocrinology of Ministry of Education; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Jinan (P.R. China)
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Abstract  
Objectives: To report two cases of retained intrauterine device (IUD) encapusulated by fibrous tissues. Cases: Two cases of postmenopausal women had a history of using IUD for over 30 years with clinical symptoms resulting from completely encapsulated intrauterine device by fibrous tissue and the IUDs were successfully removed through hysteroscopic and open surgery. Conclusions: IUD could be severely encapsulated by fibrous tissue. The removal is possible with a good understanding of the pathogenetic condition and a skilled operation under hysteroscopy.
Key words:  Intrauterine device      Abnormal uterine bleeding      Hysteroscopy     
Published:  10 December 2016     
*Corresponding Author(s):  H. Q. WANG     E-mail:  13969163910@163.com

Cite this article: 

D. Y. Wei, L. Yan, H. Q. Wang. Analysis on two postmenopausal women with clinical symptoms resulting from completelyencapsulated intrauterine device by fibrous tissue. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2016, 43(6): 911-913.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.12891/ceog3146.2016     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2016/V43/I6/911

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