Please wait a minute...
Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2021, Vol. 48 Issue (2): 292-298    DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2021.02.2268
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Physical trauma etiologies in pregnancy in Turkey
Seda Akgün Kavurmacı1, *(), Ayşegül Gülbahar1
1Izmir Katip Celebi University, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 35360 Izmir, Turkey
Download:  PDF(442KB)  ( 109 ) Full text   ( 16 )
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
Abstract  
Background: Pregnancy and trauma combination is a rare condition which requires additional attention. Adequate experience and a multidisciplinary approach are important to maintain maternal and fetal health. This study aimed to analyze trauma cases during pregnancy. Methods: We investigated the data of pregnant womens who were admitted to our emergency department after trauma between 2014 and 2019. We recorded trauma etiologies and the distribution of etiologies based on variables such as age, gravidity number and pregnancy week. In addition, we analyzed obstetric/non-obstetric injuries and pregnancy outcomes. Results: This study included 1031 cases. The mean age was 25.9 ± 5.8 (15–48) years. The second trimester had the highest number of trauma cases (411 [39.9%]), whereas the first trimester had the lowest (221 [21.4%] patients). Trauma cases were highest during the first pregnancy (420 [40.7%]). Blunt trauma was the main trauma mechanism (1007 of 1031 cases [97.7%]). The most common trauma etiology was simple fall (SF) (503 [48.8%]). The second common trauma mechanism was assault and affected 180 (17.5%) of patients. In 46 (25.6%) cases assailant was patients partner. The most common obstetric symptom was vaginal bleeding (2.7%), and the most common bone fracture was tibial fracture (0.5%). Conclusions: The etiologies of trauma in pregnant women significantly differ from the normal population. SFs and assaults play a major role in the etiology. Knowledge of the distribution of these etiologies according to pregnancy week may allow preventive measures to be taken.
Key words:  Pregnancy      Trauma      Assault      Fall      Accident      Electric shock     
Submitted:  23 August 2020      Revised:  21 October 2020      Accepted:  28 October 2020      Published:  15 April 2021     
*Corresponding Author(s):  Seda Akgün Kavurmacı     E-mail:  doctor_seda@hotmail.com

Cite this article: 

Seda Akgün Kavurmacı, Ayşegül Gülbahar. Physical trauma etiologies in pregnancy in Turkey. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(2): 292-298.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.ceog.2021.02.2268     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2021/V48/I2/292

[1] Amanda M. Wang, Alan J. Lee, Shannon M. Clark. The effects of overweight and obesity on pregnancy-related morbidity[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 999-1009.
[2] Leen Van den Eeden, Greet Leysens,Dominique Mannaerts, Yves Jacquemyn. Air pollution: cardiovascular and other negative effects on pregnancy: a narrative review[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1010-1016.
[3] Xin Du, Qian Zou, Yu-Lan Liu. Transumbilical single-hole laparoscopic treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy by uterine artery pre-ligation: a report of 4 cases[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1044-1047.
[4] Marcelo Epsztein Kanczuk, Nicholas J Lightfoot, Alison Pighills, Antony Ji, Casey Steele, Daniel Bartlett. The time to perform spinal or general anaesthesia in COVID-19 positive parturients requiring emergency caesarean delivery: a prospective crossover simulation study[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1099-1106.
[5] Noor Hazim Abdulkareem, Elham Hazeim Abdulkareem. SARS-CoV-2 detection in pregnant and non-pregnant women[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1141-1145.
[6] Min Jung Kim, Hee-Sook Lim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Tae-Hee Kim, Yongsoon Park. Dietary assessment, nutrition knowledge, and pregnancy outcome in high-risk pregnant Korean women[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1178-1185.
[7] Neha Sethi, Ann Gee Tan, Maherah Kamarudin, Sofiah Sulaiman. Successful delivery of a twin pregnancy with complete hydatidiform mole and coexistent live fetus: a case report and review of literature[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1232-1247.
[8] Luca Roncati, Greta Gianotti, Elisa Ambrogi, Giovanna Attolini. COVID-19 in pregnancy[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 778-780.
[9] Lorenz Hinterleitner, Herbert Kiss, Johannes Ott. The impact of Cesarean section on female fertility: a narrative review[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 781-786.
[10] Silvia Amodeo, Giulia Bonavina, Anna Seidenari, Paolo Ivo Cavoretto, Antonio Farina. Real-world implementation and adaptation to local settings of first trimester preeclampsia screening in Italy: a systematic review[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 812-819.
[11] Yu Deng, Zhan-Hui Ou, Min-Na Yin, Pei-Ling Liang, Zhi-Heng Chen, Abraham Morse, Ling Sun. Age and anti-Műllerian hormone: prediction of cumulative pregnancy outcome in in vitro fertilization with diminished ovarian reserve[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 835-841.
[12] Serdar Balci. The effect of ultraviolet index measurements on levels of vitamin D andinflammatory markers in pregnant women[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 888-892.
[13] Anna M. Rubinshtein, Oleg V. Golyanovskiy. Obstetric outcomes in women of advanced maternal age after assisted reproduction[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 893-900.
[14] Qian Hu, Mohammed Sharooq Paramboor, Tao Guo. Diagnosis and management of intramural ectopic pregnancy[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 974-979.
[15] Ovadya Rosenbluh, Asnat Walfisch. Birth defects associated with obesity[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(3): 472-477.
No Suggested Reading articles found!