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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2019, Vol. 46 Issue (5): 723-726    DOI: 10.12891/ceog4729.2019
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Epidemiology of hepatitis B and C in a pregnant woman in a tertiary teaching hospital in Jordan
A. Basha1, *(), Z. Amarin2, K. Haloub1, A. Kharabsheh1, O. Qudah3, I. Abu-Khader4
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
3Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
4Eastern Mediterranean Public Health Network, Amman, Jordan
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Abstract  

Background: Maternal infection with hepatitis can expose the newborn to subsequent chronic hepatitis. Acquired hepatitis is a preventable condition. A low percentage of hepatitis during pregnancy was found in this study to indicate successfully adoption of the modern methods of infection control. Objective: Maternal infection with hepatitis B or C virus can expose the newborn to a subsequent chronic hepatitis infection. Perinatally acquired hepatitis B virus is a largely preventable condition. Herein, the authors aimed o determine the prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections among pregnant women. Materials and Methods: 48,556 pregnant women attending the delivery room between January 2005 and December 2016 were tested for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B antibody (HBsAb), hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), hepatitis B e antibody (HBeAb), hepatitis B core IgM (HBc IgM), hepatitis B core IgG (HBc IgG), and hepatitis C antibody (HCV Ab). The percentages of the above variables were determined. Results: Of the 48,556 women, 118 (0.24 %) were found to have hepatitis, 107 (0.22%) with hepatitis B, and 11 (0.02%) with hepatitis C. HBsAg was positive in 102 (86.4 %), HBsAb in six (5.1%), HBeAg in 14 (11.9%), HBeAb in 52 (44.1%), HBc IgM in seven (5.9%), HBc IgG in 51 (43.2%), and HCV Ab in 11 (9.3%). Acute hepatitis B was found in two (1.7%) women, chronic hepatitis B in 60 (50.1%), chronic hepatitis B and C in four (3.4%), chronic hepatitis C in seven (5.9%), chronic inactive hepatitis B in 39 (33.1%), latent hepatitis in two (1.7%), and resolved chronic hepatitis B in four (3.4%). Conclusions: A low percentage of seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C during pregnancy was found at a tertiary university hospital in Jordan.

Key words:  Epidemiology      Hepatitis B      Hepatitis C      Pregnancy     
Published:  10 October 2019     
*Corresponding Author(s):  A. BASHA     E-mail:  bashaasma@yahoo.com

Cite this article: 

A. Basha, Z. Amarin, K. Haloub, A. Kharabsheh, O. Qudah, I. Abu-Khader. Epidemiology of hepatitis B and C in a pregnant woman in a tertiary teaching hospital in Jordan. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2019, 46(5): 723-726.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.12891/ceog4729.2019     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2019/V46/I5/723

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