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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2018, Vol. 45 Issue (6): 880-885    DOI: 10.12891/ceog4409.2018
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Postpartum depression and breastfeeding in primary care in Krakow, Poland
A. Średniawa1, *(), K. Kruk1, D. Ł. Jarczewska1, K. Żabicka1, M. Golonka1, R. Krępa1, T. Tomasik1
1 Department of Family Medicine, Chair of Medicine and Gerontology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
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Purpose of Investigation: The aim of this study was to examine the risk of postpartum depression (PPD) and its relationship with confidence in breastfeeding (BF) in women under the care of general practitioners in Krakow. Materials and Methods: The study among Polish women was performed in seven primary care out-patient clinics in Krakow in 2015. Each participant completed a personal questionnaire which included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF). Results: The authors examined 273 women of which 13% of participants were at risk of developing PPD. Women who are more likely to develop PPD are less satisfied with their BF or do not feed their children naturally at all. There was a statistically significant correlation between the risk of developing PPD and mothers’ chronic diseases and occurrence of PPD after previous labours. Conclusion: After childbirth in women living in Krakow, the prevalence of the risk of PPD did not differ from other European countries and was higher in those with low BF self-efficacy scores.
Key words:  Postpartum depression      Breastfeeding      EPDS      BSES      Poland     
Published:  10 December 2018     
*Corresponding Author(s):  A. ŚREDNIAWA     E-mail:

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A. Średniawa, K. Kruk, D. Ł. Jarczewska, K. Żabicka, M. Golonka, R. Krępa, T. Tomasik. Postpartum depression and breastfeeding in primary care in Krakow, Poland. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2018, 45(6): 880-885.

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