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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2020, Vol. 47 Issue (2): 238-242    DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2020.02.5149
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Prophylactic cervical cerclage, fully embedded, for twin pregnancies following fertility treatment
L. Mamas1(), E. Mamas1
1Neogenesis IVF Centre, Marousi, Athens, Greece
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Abstract  Purpose of Investigation: With the advent of fertility treatment the number of twin gestations has increased considerably. These pregnancies are associated with many maternal and perinatal complications, mainly due to prematurity. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a fully embedded prophylactic vaginal cervical cerclage in reducing the rate of prematurity in twin pregnancies following ART. Materials and Methods: A prophylactic vaginal cervical cerclage was applied in forty three twin pregnancies conceived following fertility treatments. The cerclage suture was fully embedded under the vaginal mucosa in order to minimize the risk of infection. Results: The mean gestational age at delivery was 35+4 weeks and the mean delivery weight was 2,238 grams. No differences between the type of fertility treatment used was noted in the outcome measures studied. Conclusion: Twin pregnancies conceived with the aid of fertility treatment, benefited from the application of a prophylactic vaginal cervical cerclage.
Key words:  Cervical cerclage      Twins      Premature delivery      Fertility treatment      ART     
Published:  15 April 2020     

Cite this article: 

L. Mamas, E. Mamas. Prophylactic cervical cerclage, fully embedded, for twin pregnancies following fertility treatment. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2020, 47(2): 238-242.

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Table 1  — Number of twin pregnancies conceived by different fertility treatments.
ICSI 23 (53.5%)
IUTPI 14 (32.5%)
COS 6 (14%)
Total 43
Table 2  — Pregnancy and neonatal characteristics of twin pregnancies treated with prophylactic vaginal cervical cerclage.
ART method Neonatal gender
Neonates (n) 46 28 12 48 38
Birthweight (g) 2213 2231 2347 2190 2298
GA (weeks) 35+1 35+6 35+5 N/A
NICU admissions (n) 26 (56%) 16 (57%) 7 (58%) 28 21
Length of NICU stay (days) 11 10 12 13 11
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