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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2021, Vol. 48 Issue (5): 1010-1016    DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog4805162
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Air pollution: cardiovascular and other negative effects on pregnancy: a narrative review
Leen Van den Eeden1, 2, 3, *(), Greet Leysens1, Dominique Mannaerts2, 3, Yves Jacquemyn2, 3, 4
1Thomas More University College, People & Health 2500 Lier, Belgium
2Antwerp Surgical Training, Anatomy and Research Centre (ASTARC), Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium
3Departement of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Antwerp University Hospital (UZA), 2650 Edegem, Belgium
4Global Health Institute (GHI), University of Antwerp, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium
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Abstract  
Objectives: The main goal of this narrative review is to summarize the data on the relationship between air pollution and pregnancy outcome. Mechanism: The authors conducted a critical but concise review on published studies relating to particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), carbon monoxide, ozone and nitrogen oxide versus pregnancy outcome. Findings in brief: (Over) exposure to particulate matter is associated with a negative outcome on fertility and early pregnancy loss. There is an increased risk of congenital birth anomalies, birth weight and pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders with exposure on PM2.5. Exposure to ozone and NO2 decreases the chance of live birth rate and increases the risk of congenital heart diseases, preterm birth and hypertensive disorders. Conclusions: Air pollution is traditionally correlated with adverse health effects. In the current review, we concisely but critically compile the most relevant studies on pregnancy-related effects. Particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone, and nitrogen dioxide are the key air pollutants. Exposure to these pollutants has been associated with cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, and negative effects on pregnancy.
Key words:  Air pollution      Pregnancy      Respiratory health      Cardiovascular effects     
Submitted:  23 March 2021      Revised:  07 June 2021      Accepted:  11 June 2021      Published:  15 October 2021     
*Corresponding Author(s):  Leen Van den Eeden     E-mail:  leen.vandeneeden@thomasmore.be

Cite this article: 

Leen Van den Eeden, Greet Leysens,Dominique Mannaerts, Yves Jacquemyn. Air pollution: cardiovascular and other negative effects on pregnancy: a narrative review. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1010-1016.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.ceog4805162     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2021/V48/I5/1010

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