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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2021, Vol. 48 Issue (5): 999-1009    DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog4805161
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The effects of overweight and obesity on pregnancy-related morbidity
Amanda M. Wang1, *(), Alan J. Lee1, Shannon M. Clark1
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
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Abstract  
Objective: Overweight and obesity in pregnancy poses many possible complications for both mother and fetus. This article reviews the possible morbidity risks, including but not limited to pregnancy loss, maternal diabetes, hypertensive disorders, and post-partum complications, as well as possible neonatal and fetal complications. This article also provides recommendations regarding suggested antenatal weight gain and management strategies, and additional antenatal and postpartum management considerations. Mechanism: This is a review article summarizing the pertinent most recent data on overweight and obesity in pregnancy. Findings in brief: Obesity has effects on pregnancy loss, maternal diabetes, hypertensive disorders, venous thromboembolism, postpartum hemorrhage, and maternal infectious diseases. It also has an impact on preterm birth, management of prenatal ultrasound and induction of labor. Conclusions: Maternal overweight and obesity has many implications on pregnancy-related maternal morbidity.
Key words:  Obesity      Overweight      Pregnancy      Morbidity      Maternal gestational weight gain      Large for gestational age     
Submitted:  22 January 2021      Revised:  27 April 2021      Accepted:  30 April 2021      Published:  15 October 2021     
*Corresponding Author(s):  Amanda M. Wang     E-mail:  Amanda.mei.wang@gmail.com

Cite this article: 

Amanda M. Wang, Alan J. Lee, Shannon M. Clark. The effects of overweight and obesity on pregnancy-related morbidity. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 999-1009.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.ceog4805161     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2021/V48/I5/999

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