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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2021, Vol. 48 Issue (4): 842-850    DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog4804134
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Mechanical bowel preparation prior to gynaecological laparoscopy enables better operative field visualization, lower pneumoperitoneum pressure and Trendelenburg angle during the surgery: a perspective that may add to patient safety
Üzeyir Kalkan1, *(), Murat Yassa2, Kadir Bakay3, Şafak Hatırnaz4
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Koc University Hospital, 34010 Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sehit Prof. Dr. Ilhan Varank Sancaktepe Training and Research Hospital, 34785 Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Medicine, 55270 Samsun, Turkey
4IVF & MIGS Unit, Medicana Samsun International Hospital, 55080 Samsun, Turkey
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Abstract  
Background: To find the effects of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) on operative field visualization, and to measure pneumoperitoneum pressure (PP) and Trendelenburg inclination angle (TIA) values. Methods: In this two-centred, randomised, single-blind and controlled study, 90 patients who underwent laparoscopic gynaecological surgery for benign conditions were included. After the exclusions, 44 patients received MBP with oral sodium phosphate enema (study group) and 42 did not receive bowel preparation or underwent diet restrictions (control group). An objective visual index, PP and TIA were measured in a stepwise design of assessments. Results: The Visual Index at first inspection right after establishing a 12 mmHg PP and a standard 30° TIA was found to be significantly in favour of the study group (p = 0.015). The lowest reached TIA in standard 12 mmHg PP following stepwise decrease was observed as 15.2° and 25° in the study and control groups, respectively (p < 0.001). The lowest reached PP was 8.9 mmHg and 11.9 mmHg in the study and control groups, respectively (p < 0.001). Patients who received MBP reported significantly higher levels of negative discomfort measures (p < 0.032), however 80 % of those reported MBP as acceptable. Conclusion: Significantly better operative field visualization, lower TIA and PP was achieved with MBP. MBP enabled a decrement of either 10° in TIA or 3 mmHg in PP with an adequate operative field to proceed safely for the benign gynaecological laparoscopic operations in exchange for acceptable discomfort for the patients.
Key words:  Laparoscopy      Mechanical bowel preparation      Pneumoperitoneum pressure      Trendelenburg angle     
Submitted:  05 January 2021      Revised:  06 February 2021      Accepted:  19 February 2021      Published:  15 August 2021     
*Corresponding Author(s):  Üzeyir Kalkan     E-mail:  uzekal@hotmail.com

Cite this article: 

Üzeyir Kalkan, Murat Yassa, Kadir Bakay, Şafak Hatırnaz. Mechanical bowel preparation prior to gynaecological laparoscopy enables better operative field visualization, lower pneumoperitoneum pressure and Trendelenburg angle during the surgery: a perspective that may add to patient safety. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 842-850.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.ceog4804134     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2021/V48/I4/842

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