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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2021, Vol. 48 Issue (3): 466-471    DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2021.03.2413
Special Issue: Obesity in pregnancy: risks and management
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Gestational weight gain and long-term postpartum weight retention
Alexandra Berezowsky1, *(), Howard Berger1
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON M5H, Canada
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Abstract  
Background: Excessive gestational weight gain is related to postpartum weight retention and multiple short- and long-term adverse outcomes. These include pregnancy related complications as preeclampsia and higher rates of cesarean delivery and long-term morbidities as future obesity and metabolic syndrome. Even so, more than half of the pregnant women gain excessive weight during their pregnancy. Methods: This review included a database search of Medline, ClinicalKey, PubMed, PubMed Central, Scopus, Ovid, and the Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews. We included original articles, systematic reviews and meta-analysis published in peer-reviewed journals between January 1990 and October 2020 that addressed the correlation between excessive gestational weight gain, postpartum weight retention and maternal health issues. Only articles published in the English language that were available at full length, were included in this review. Results and discussion: After reviewing the literature, we discuss the risk factors for excessive gestational weight gain, the association between excessive gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention and the implications of excessive gestational weight gain on women's future health. Finally, we highlight future research opportunities related to these issues.
Key words:  Gestational weight gain      Excessive      Postpartum weight retention      Obesity     
Submitted:  10 December 2020      Revised:  05 March 2021      Accepted:  24 March 2021      Published:  15 June 2021     
*Corresponding Author(s):  Alexandra Berezowsky     E-mail:  berezowsky5@gmail.com

Cite this article: 

Alexandra Berezowsky, Howard Berger. Gestational weight gain and long-term postpartum weight retention. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(3): 466-471.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.ceog.2021.03.2413     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2021/V48/I3/466

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