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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2021, Vol. 48 Issue (3): 561-566    DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2021.03.2369
Special Issue: Caesarean Section Today - “Caesarology in the 21st Century”
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Frequency of cesarean section in pregnant women with risk factors for preeclampsia: prospective cohort study
Lejla Kamerić1, 2, Anis Cerovac2, 3, *(), Mirzeta Rizvanović1, 2, Alen Kamerić2, Mahira Jahić2, 4, Dubravko Habek5, 6
1Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University Clinical Centre Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2School of Medicine, University of Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, General Hospital Tešanj, 74260 Tešanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina
4Gynecology Centre "Dr Mahira Jahic" Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
5University Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Hospital, "Sveti Duh", 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
6School of Medicine, Croatian Catholic University Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Abstract  
Background: Preeclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy associated with new-onset hypertension after the 20th week of gestation. The aim of this study is to examine frequency of cesarean delivery in pregnant women with risk for developing preeclampsia compared with pregnant women with normal pregnancy. Methods: The prospective study included 240 pregnant women. The experimental group had 120 pregnant women with preeclampsia risk factors. The control group had 120 pregnant women with no pregnancy risk factors. The method of delivery completion was analyzed. Results: In the experimental group, 88 (73.3%) pregnant women completed delivery vaginally, by cesarean section in 32 (26.7%). In the control group of vaginally deliveries were 105 (87.5%), by cesarean section 15 (12.5%). The difference in the frequency of method of delivery between the experimental and control groups is not random (p = 0.009). The chance of completing a delivery by cesarean section 2.54 times is higher in the experimental than in the control group. In the control group, it was found that the RI of uterine arteries in women who delivered by cesarean section was statistically significantly higher than in vaginal delivery (p = 0.038). Conclusion: Cesarean section is the most commonly used surgical procedure to complete delivery in pregnant womens with risk factors for preeclampsia, which confirmed our study.
Key words:  Cesarean section      Preeclampsia      Ultrasound     
Submitted:  18 November 2020      Revised:  21 January 2021      Accepted:  14 February 2021      Published:  15 June 2021     
*Corresponding Author(s):  Anis Cerovac     E-mail:  cerovac.anis@gmail.com

Cite this article: 

Lejla Kamerić, Anis Cerovac, Mirzeta Rizvanović, Alen Kamerić, Mahira Jahić, Dubravko Habek. Frequency of cesarean section in pregnant women with risk factors for preeclampsia: prospective cohort study. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(3): 561-566.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.ceog.2021.03.2369     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2021/V48/I3/561

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