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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2020, Vol. 47 Issue (5): 774-780    DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2020.05.2094
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Ovarian teratoma with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis, a type of limbic encephalitis: a review of the literature and a case report in korea
S.H. Park1, , J. Lim1, , K.T. Lim1, K.H. Choi1, S.M. Yoon2, H.J. Chung3, *()
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Department of Neurology, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3Department of Laboratory Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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Abstract  
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a type of limbic encephalitis that is resulted by an autoimmune processes; it is a rare autoimmune encephalitis caused by the NMDA receptor antibody secreted by all kinds of tumors. This paraneoplastic syndrome is frequently associated with ovarian teratomas; however, neural cells expressing anti-NMDAR may also be involved in the disease. We report a patient with a case of anti-NMDAR encephalitis associated with an ovarian teratoma, and present a literature review of 16 cases of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in Korean women.
Key words:  Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis      Teratoma      Anti-NMDAR autoimmune encephalitis with teratoma      Encephalitis      Ovarian neoplasm     
Submitted:  26 March 2020      Accepted:  12 May 2020      Published:  15 October 2020     
*Corresponding Author(s):  HEE-JUNG CHUNG     E-mail:  vivid.hee@gmail.com
About author:  Contributed equally

Cite this article: 

S.H. Park, J. Lim, K.T. Lim, K.H. Choi, S.M. Yoon, H.J. Chung. Ovarian teratoma with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis, a type of limbic encephalitis: a review of the literature and a case report in korea. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2020, 47(5): 774-780.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.ceog.2020.05.2094     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2020/V47/I5/774

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