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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2019, Vol. 46 Issue (4): 630-634    DOI: 10.12891/ceog4764.2019
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Long-term effect of first childbirth on pelvic floor muscle function: cross-sectional study
I. Pimentel-Soares1, *(), A. C. Sartorato Beleza1, M. da Silva Corrêa1, M. Vieira Batistão1, P. Driusso1
1Physical Therapy Department, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
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Abstract  

The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) function of nulliparous and primiparous women with history of vaginal delivery and cesarean section. This study took place at the Women’s Health Research Laboratory, in the Department of Physical Therapy at Federal University of S?o Carlos, Brazil. Sixty volunteers were included between 18 and 40 years-old; regarding the primiparous, the assessment was done strictly from one to three years postpartum. A sample of 20 participants in each group was determined: vaginal delivery group, cesarean group and nulliparous group. Procedures included vaginal palpation, vaginal manometry and surface electromyography of the PFM. Non-parametric variables were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test or Mann-Whitney test and parametric variables using One-way ANOVA. A significance level of 5% was adopted. No significant difference was found between groups in relation to the function of the PFM evaluated by digital palpation (p = 0.75), vaginal manometry (p = 0.25) and surface electromyography (p = 0.465). The function of the PFM was similar between primiparous and nulliparous.

Key words:  Primiparous      Delivery      Pelvic floor muscle function      Electromyography      Vaginal manometry     
Published:  10 August 2019     
*Corresponding Author(s):  I. PIMENTEL-SOARES     E-mail:  pimentel_sc@yahoo.com.br

Cite this article: 

I. Pimentel-Soares, A. C. Sartorato Beleza, M. da Silva Corrêa, M. Vieira Batistão, P. Driusso. Long-term effect of first childbirth on pelvic floor muscle function: cross-sectional study. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2019, 46(4): 630-634.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.12891/ceog4764.2019     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2019/V46/I4/630

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