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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2019, Vol. 46 Issue (2): 305-308    DOI: 10.12891/ceog4445.2019
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Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis associated with a tiny ovarian teratoma diagnosed by exploratory laparoscopy: report of two cases
S. Matsuoka1, H. Tsujioka1, *(), M. Ando1, Y. To1, T. Koyanagi1, H. Kondo1, F. Eguchi1
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aso Iizuka Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan
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Abstract  

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is the most common form of paraneoplastic encephalitis that is associated with teratomas. Because removal of the tumor leads to better clinical outcomes, determining the location of teratomas is essential. The authors report two cases of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with a small ovarian teratoma that could not be detected by usual imaging. Both cases had the diagnosis confirmed laparoscopically.

Key words:  Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis      Ovarian teratoma      Laparoscopy     
Published:  10 April 2019     
*Corresponding Author(s):  H. TSUJIOKA     E-mail:  htsujiokah1@aih-net.com

Cite this article: 

S. Matsuoka, H. Tsujioka, M. Ando, Y. To, T. Koyanagi, H. Kondo, F. Eguchi. Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis associated with a tiny ovarian teratoma diagnosed by exploratory laparoscopy: report of two cases. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2019, 46(2): 305-308.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.12891/ceog4445.2019     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2019/V46/I2/305

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