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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2018, Vol. 45 Issue (6): 867-870    DOI: 10.12891/ceog4322.2018
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD): five case reports and review of the literature
Xuechuan Han1, Xuxia Shen2, Huijuan Yang3, Huaying Wang3, Xiaohua Wu3, Xi Cheng3, Yan Huang3, *()
1 Department of gynecology and obstetrics, Ningxia People's Hospital, YinChuan, China
2 Department of pathology, Shanghai Cancer Center; Department of oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
3 Department of gynecologic oncology, Shanghai Cancer Center; Department of oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
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Abstract  
Purpose of investigation: Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is a special type of leiomyomatosis with an unclear pathogenesis. Materials and Methods: The authors investigated five LPD patients who were treated at the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (Shanghai, China) from 2012 to 2016. They reviewed the medical history, preoperative examination, intraoperative manifestation, and postoperative pathologic results. Results: The five LPD patients were all in reproductive age and four of them had a medical history of laparoscopy for uterine fibroids. Two of them had pathologic results of mitotically active leiomyoma. All the conditions may have contributed to the development of LPD. Conclusion: The use of laparoscopic power morcellation, active proliferative status of the uterine fibroids, and hormone in female patients may help cause LPD. The present study may improve our understanding of the disease.
Key words:  Leiomyomatosis      Peritonealis      Disseminata     
Published:  10 December 2018     
*Corresponding Author(s):  YAN HUANG     E-mail:  huangyan1168@aliyun.com

Cite this article: 

Xuechuan Han, Xuxia Shen, Huijuan Yang, Huaying Wang, Xiaohua Wu, Xi Cheng, Yan Huang. Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD): five case reports and review of the literature. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2018, 45(6): 867-870.

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https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.12891/ceog4322.2018     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2018/V45/I6/867

[1] E.H. Comert, H. Sal, E. S. Guvendag Guven, S. Guven. Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis as an uncommon cause of recurrent early pregnancy loss[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2019, 46(5): 831-832.
[2] Zaigui Wu, Fei Ruan, Xiaocen Niu, Jianhong Zhou. Diffuse leiomyomatosis of the cervix: a rare tumor in a rare location. A first report and literature analysis[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2019, 46(3): 492-493.
[3] Hongyan Gao, Ting Yuan, Yi Ding, Qing Wang, Jiming Chen. Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminate associated with recurrence: A case report[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2018, 45(3): 470-475.
[4] H. Zhou, W. Chen, X. Zhang, L. Wang. A case report of postmenopausal leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2017, 44(6): 953-955.
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