Please wait a minute...
Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2016, Vol. 43 Issue (5): 691-697    DOI: 10.12891/ceog3173.2016
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Evaluation of frequency of nausea and vomiting as well as depression level in pregnant women
S. Sahin1, *(), K. Ozdemir2, A. Unsal3, A. S. Cevrioglu4, K. D. Beydag5
1Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara
2Sakarya University, School of Health Sciences, Sakarya
3Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Medical Faculty, Public Health Department, Eskisehir
4Sakarya University, Medical Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sakarya
5Okan University, Faculty of Helath Sciences, Istanbul (Turkey)
Download:  PDF(103KB)  ( 20 )
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
Abstract  
Objective: To determine the frequency of nausea and vomiting in pregnant (NVP) women, review associated factors, and evaluate the depression level. Materials and Methods: The study is a cross-sectional research conducted in pregnant women who applied to Sakarya Training and Research Hospital and Sakarya Maternity and Children Hospital between January 13, 2013 and March 23, 2013. The study group consisted of 606 pregnant women who were below 20 weeks gestation and agreed to take part in the study. The questionnaire form prepared in line with the study objective was completed by the pregnant women under supervision. The women who had a complaint of nausea and vomiting at least once a day during their pregnancy were deemed as “having a history of nausea and vomiting”. Rhodes index was used to evaluate the severity of nausea and vomiting. Depression level was evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory. Chi-square test and Spearman’s Correlation Analysis were used to analyze the data. Statistical significance value was accepted as p < 0.05. Results: The age of pregnant women in the study group ranged from 17 to 39 years (mean age: 25.55 ± 4.95). The frequency of having nausea and vomiting in the pregnant women was determined to be 35.1% (n = 213). The frequency of having nausea and vomiting was determined to be higher in those with a nuclear family, working women, those with a poor family income, those who used any contraception method before the pregnancy, and those who had a history of nausea and vomiting in their previous pregnancy( ies) (p < 0.05 for each). The pregnant women with a history of nausea and vomiting reported that their complaints increased the most with the smell of food as well as perfume/cigarette/body odor. In the women with a history of nausea and vomiting, frequency of depression was significantly higher (p < 0.05). A positive relationship was found between the severity of nausea and vomiting and depression level (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Nausea and vomiting were determined to be a major health problem in pregnancy. Depression frequency was higher in those with a history of nausea and history. The severity of nausea and vomiting increased with higher depression levels. More detailed studies are required to determine the causes of NVP as well as the risk factors.
Key words:  Pregnancy      Nausea and vomiting      Rhodes index      Depression     
Published:  10 October 2016     
*Corresponding Author(s):  S. SAHIN     E-mail:  ssahin@sakarya.edu.tr

Cite this article: 

S. Sahin, K. Ozdemir, A. Unsal, A. S. Cevrioglu, K. D. Beydag. Evaluation of frequency of nausea and vomiting as well as depression level in pregnant women. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2016, 43(5): 691-697.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.12891/ceog3173.2016     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2016/V43/I5/691

[1] Amanda M. Wang, Alan J. Lee, Shannon M. Clark. The effects of overweight and obesity on pregnancy-related morbidity[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 999-1009.
[2] Leen Van den Eeden, Greet Leysens,Dominique Mannaerts, Yves Jacquemyn. Air pollution: cardiovascular and other negative effects on pregnancy: a narrative review[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1010-1016.
[3] Xin Du, Qian Zou, Yu-Lan Liu. Transumbilical single-hole laparoscopic treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy by uterine artery pre-ligation: a report of 4 cases[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1044-1047.
[4] Marcelo Epsztein Kanczuk, Nicholas J Lightfoot, Alison Pighills, Antony Ji, Casey Steele, Daniel Bartlett. The time to perform spinal or general anaesthesia in COVID-19 positive parturients requiring emergency caesarean delivery: a prospective crossover simulation study[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1099-1106.
[5] Noor Hazim Abdulkareem, Elham Hazeim Abdulkareem. SARS-CoV-2 detection in pregnant and non-pregnant women[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1141-1145.
[6] Gyung-Mee Kim, Jung Ahn Lee, Sung Woo Park, Jung Goo Lee, Gyun-Ho Jeon. Are plasma Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor or reproductive hormones related to depression in PCOS patients?: a prospective cohort study[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1146-1153.
[7] Min Jung Kim, Hee-Sook Lim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Tae-Hee Kim, Yongsoon Park. Dietary assessment, nutrition knowledge, and pregnancy outcome in high-risk pregnant Korean women[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1178-1185.
[8] Neha Sethi, Ann Gee Tan, Maherah Kamarudin, Sofiah Sulaiman. Successful delivery of a twin pregnancy with complete hydatidiform mole and coexistent live fetus: a case report and review of literature[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(5): 1232-1247.
[9] Luca Roncati, Greta Gianotti, Elisa Ambrogi, Giovanna Attolini. COVID-19 in pregnancy[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 778-780.
[10] Silvia Amodeo, Giulia Bonavina, Anna Seidenari, Paolo Ivo Cavoretto, Antonio Farina. Real-world implementation and adaptation to local settings of first trimester preeclampsia screening in Italy: a systematic review[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 812-819.
[11] Yu Deng, Zhan-Hui Ou, Min-Na Yin, Pei-Ling Liang, Zhi-Heng Chen, Abraham Morse, Ling Sun. Age and anti-Műllerian hormone: prediction of cumulative pregnancy outcome in in vitro fertilization with diminished ovarian reserve[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 835-841.
[12] Serdar Balci. The effect of ultraviolet index measurements on levels of vitamin D andinflammatory markers in pregnant women[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 888-892.
[13] Anna M. Rubinshtein, Oleg V. Golyanovskiy. Obstetric outcomes in women of advanced maternal age after assisted reproduction[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 893-900.
[14] Qian Hu, Mohammed Sharooq Paramboor, Tao Guo. Diagnosis and management of intramural ectopic pregnancy[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(4): 974-979.
[15] Ovadya Rosenbluh, Asnat Walfisch. Birth defects associated with obesity[J]. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2021, 48(3): 472-477.
No Suggested Reading articles found!