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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2016, Vol. 43 Issue (1): 9-13    DOI: 10.12891/ceog2057.2016
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Pre-eclampsia and the vascular endothelial growth factor: a new aspect
A. Liberis1, G. Stanulov1, E. Chafouz Ali1, A. Hassan1, A. Pagalos1, E.N. Kontomanolis1, *()
1Department of Obstetrics &Gynecology, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis (Greece)
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Abstract  
Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a multi-system disorder of human gestation characterized by hypertension, proteinuria, and edema, which resolves with placental delivery. This disease affects 3-14% of all pregnancies worldwide and 5-8% in the USA. Furthermore PE remains one of the leading causes of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. One of the most important goals in obstetrics is the early identification of the patient with an increased risk for PE. This paper unifies the essential and validated findings of past and current scientific investigation which encompass the relationship between PE and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF and its receptors have acquired great interest due to their vital role in neovascularization (vasculogenesis and angiogenesis) in a variety of physical and pathological processes such as the female reproductive cycle, PE, and tumorigenesis. VEGF is secreted in response to tissue hypoxia and endothelial cell damage. Alterations in the circulating levels of this factor may therefore identify those pregnancies with a high possibility of developing PE. This review will summarize the present authors’ current understanding of the role of circulating VEGF in the pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis, and prediction of PE.
Key words:  Pre-eclampsia      Hypertension      Gestational hypertension      VEGF      Pregnancy      Cytotrophoblast     
Published:  10 February 2016     
*Corresponding Author(s):  E.N. KONTOMANOLIS     E-mail:  mek-2@otenet.gr

Cite this article: 

A. Liberis, G. Stanulov, E. Chafouz Ali, A. Hassan, A. Pagalos, E.N. Kontomanolis. Pre-eclampsia and the vascular endothelial growth factor: a new aspect. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2016, 43(1): 9-13.

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https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.12891/ceog2057.2016     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2016/V43/I1/9

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