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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology  2015, Vol. 42 Issue (2): 161-167    DOI: 10.12891/ceog1828.2015
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Prevalence of menopausal related symptoms and their impact on quality of life among Egyptian women
Z.M. Ibrahim1, W.A. Sayed Ahmed1, *(), S.A. El-Hamid2
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Suez Canal University, Ismailia
2Department of Family Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia (Egypt)
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Abstract  
Objective: To assess the prevalence of menopausal-related symptoms and to evaluate their impact on quality of life (QoL) among a sample of menopausal women from Egypt. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional hospital-based study conducted at the Gynecology department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia – Egypt. A total 1,214 women aged 40 – 70 years were recruited and studied using an interview questionnaire. The questionnaire contains four main items: socio-demographic data, menstruation status assessment, modified Menopausal Rating Scale (MRS), and World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire. Results: Mean age was 48.1 ± 10.3 years, with 26.6% of the studied participants were illiterates. According to menstruation status, 40.9% of the studied women were postmenopausal, 41.4% were premenopausal, while 17.7% were perimenopausal. Most of the studied participants have mild/moderate somatic symptoms. Mild/moderate depressive mode, irritability, and anxiety have been reported in 63%, 58.4%, and 58.2% of women, respectively. Postmenopausal women have significantly higher scores on MRS except for urogenital score that was higher in perimenopausal women. They also had significantly lower QoL score in all subscales of WHOQOL-BREF except for psychological domain that was lowest among perimenopausal women. MRS total score has significant negative correlation to all domains of WHOQOL questionnaire. Conclusion: Postmenopausal women have higher prevalence of menopausal symptoms that significantly affect their quality of life more than pre- and perimenopausal women. Those in the transition period (perimenopausal) have higher prevalence of psychological symptoms with higher impact on their psychological welfare.
Key words:  Menopause      Menopause Rating Scale      WHOQOL-BREF      Quality of life     
Published:  10 April 2015     
*Corresponding Author(s):  W.A. Sayed Ahmed     E-mail:  waleed.asa@gmail.com

Cite this article: 

Z.M. Ibrahim, W.A. Sayed Ahmed, S.A. El-Hamid. Prevalence of menopausal related symptoms and their impact on quality of life among Egyptian women. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2015, 42(2): 161-167.

URL: 

https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/10.12891/ceog1828.2015     OR     https://ceog.imrpress.com/EN/Y2015/V42/I2/161

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